Nietzsche on Socrates
Twilight of the Idols - The Problem of Socrates
The unanimity of the wise seems to be that life is worthless. Even Socrates on his death bed alluded to the fact that he thought his life had been an illness. Value judgements as to life, for or against can't be true because how can a live person be objective about his life? What idiosyncrasy gives rise to his equation reason= virtue= happiness? Socrates changed taste towards dialectics. Dialectics is only used when one hasn't any other expedient such as force etc. The dialectician leaves it to his opponent to demonstrate he isn't an idiot. It is a pitiless instrument with which one can play the tyrant. It means that one should downplay the instincts. To have to combat the instincts isn't a path to virtue but an illness.